WHAT IS HIGH CHOLESTEROL?
High Cholesterol occurs when your cholesterol level is higher than what the guidelines are suggesting. The target level for every person is based on the presence of other co-morbidities. For example, if you have diabetes, the level should be kept “aggressively” low. Generally speaking, a normal cholesterol level is considered less than 200 mg/dl. Often, when checking cholesterol level, we also differentiate between good cholesterol (HDL) and bad cholesterol (LDL), which helps guiding treatment.
WHY IS HIGH CHOLESTEROL DANGEROUS?
High levels of cholesterol are what cause certain forms of cardiac disease and can increase the risk of heart attack. Arterial plaque is the deposition of cholesterol that can lead to hardening of the blood vessels. When the diameter of the blood vessel narrows because they have hardened and no longer expand, it makes it easier for clots to form and stroke or heart attack to occur.
BESIDES MEDICATION, WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR HIGH CHOLESTEROL?
The treatment for high cholesterol is typically cholesterol medication in conjunction with lifestyle changes, including diet and exercise. Diet and exercise are two very powerful tools of preventive medicine.
Will I have to lose weight if I have high cholesterol?
Losing weight is a good way to lower your bad cholesterol level. You can lose weight by eating healthier, following stricter diet and by exercising more often. Obesity is linked to high cholesterol levels. So, dropping stored fat is part of the lifestyle treatments that the doctors will likely prescribe.